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Thursday, March 27, 2014
Alternative Education System in India
Apart from the main stream education system, there are few
alternative education systems available to name them; they are Waldorf Steiner
Schools, Montessori Schools and Krishnamurti education. There is one more
alternative education system, but to do justice we will discuss that later.
It is based
on a philosophy called ‘Anthroposophy’ and also makes extensive use of a
special kind of rhythmic movement training called ‘Eurythymy’. The essence of
this education is that subjects are taught as lesson ‘blocks’. Children prepare
their lessons with their teachers. They prepare their own booklet of learned
material, as there are no textbooks; also the teacher follows student’s right
from KG to std. 7.
They do not have common written examinations at the end of
the year but they have a continual internal observation as well as one-on-one
interview. There are no rankings, no grade or numbers. Instead the teachers
speaks about the child’s strengths and weakness, personality, capabilities and
abilities etc… this schools get heavily involved in the child’s home life and
with the child’s parents. It aims at a balance between academics, artistic
education and social life. Students who need a formal certification can write
the IGCSE examination.
It is based
on constructivist or ‘discovery’ education model. Classes are of mixed age
groups within a three year range. Ex: 3-6 yrs., 9-12 yrs., and so on. Students
here learn concepts from working with materials, rather than by direct
instruction. They use specialized and pre-approved materials developed through
years of research.
taught by trained and certified Montessori teachers. All the subjects are
interwoven and taught together; different children learn different concepts at
different level in the same class on the same day, according to interest and
aptitude. There are no formal assessment rather the reports are descriptive
functions as regular schools that incorporate Jiddu Krishnamurti’s teaching and
principles. The focus here is on cultivating a love of nature and observance of
the beauty of the natural world. It promotes individuality and free expression
through frequent class debates, discussions and essays etc… The chide is
encouraged to take up any and all extracurricular activities they are
interested in. curriculum follows exiting national board, usually ICSE. Schools
enjoys considerable freedom as there is no certification or evaluation
We would be
wondering even if we put our children in one of these alternative schools, what
would our child do next? For Krishnamurti education students study and write
the mainstream ICSE examination, they integrate seamlessly into the Indian and
foreign educational system for higher studies. For Montessori and
Waldorf-Steiner schooling students can write NIOS examinations in order to get
a mainstream equivalent certification. IB and IGCSE board also accept them
provided they can demonstrate aptitude by pass the entrance process.